- b. Are researchers keen on discovering sex differences in order to explain or justify prevailing gender roles? For example, intense interest in neurological sex differences may be motivated by gendered beliefs—that women are caring, passive, and emotional while men are aggressive, active, and logical (Tavris, 1993).
- c. How does gender influence the priorities of funding agencies and
regulators? When agencies allocate grant money to certain fields, or
when regulators require certain research to be performed before a new
drug or pesticide is marketed, research in such areas will be favored.
For example, concern that endocrine-disrupting pollutants were
“feminizing” men led the United States Congress to pass laws requiring
research into estrogen-mimicking pollutants, but not
testosterone-mimicking pollutants (US Public Law 104-70, 1996).
Kiebzak, G., Beinart, G., Perser, K., Ambrose, C., Siff, S., & Heggeness, M. (2002). Undertreatment of Osteoporosis in Men with Hip Fracture. Archives of Internal Medicine, 162 (19), 2217-2222. http://archinte.ama-assn.org/cgi/reprint/162/19/2217.pdf
Lonborg, S., & Travis, C. (2007). Living Longer, Healthier Lives. In Mühlbauer, V., & Chrisler, J. (Eds), Women over 50: Psychological Perspectives, pp. 53-79. New York: Springer Science and Business Media.
Tavris, C. (1993). The Mismeasure of Women. Feminism and Psychology, 3 (2), 149-168. http://fap.sagepub.com/content/3/2/149.full.pdf
United States Public Law 104-70. (1996). An Act to Amend the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act and the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, and for Other Purposes. P. 44, sec. P1.